Hypothyroidism is known as underactive thyroid. It occurs when your thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. It means you have low thyroid activity. The thyroid gland is shaped like a butterfly. It is located in the front of your neck, below your Adam’s apple. The thyroid makes hormones that control how your body uses energy. It affects your heart rate as well as your muscles, bones, and other organs.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism often begins slowly. Its symptoms can be mistaken for stress, depression, or other health problems. Common symptoms include:
What causes hypothyroidism?
The most common cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune disorder called Hashimoto’s disease. Normally, the immune system helps protect the body against viruses, bacteria, and other substances. An autoimmune disease causes it to attack your body’s tissues and/or organs. With Hashimoto’s, the immune system attacks the thyroid and keeps it from producing enough hormones.
Treatment for hypothyroidism is a synthetic thyroid hormone. You take the supplement daily in pill form. This medicine regulates your hormone levels and helps relieve symptoms. Over time, your metabolism goes back to normal. The medicine helps to lower your LDL cholesterol and may reverse some weight gain.